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The Bowles of Canada and their Roots in Ireland and Great Britain

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The Bowles of Great Gaddesden, Herts 

Back to The Bowles of Hertfordshire
See also  The  Bowles of Great Gaddesden's Family Tree
The name in Great Gaddesden may be quite ancient.  The Common Plea Roll of Henry VI records a debt claim made against a John Boule of Gaddesden, Herts, Esq. by a London grocer, Thomas Ive, in 1440.  However, as records from that period are quite sparse on the Internet, the next reference I've found does not occur until a Thomas Bowle was buried in Great Gaddesden on Jan. 3, 1579/80 (old calendar).
The National Archives (NA) collection of the Estate and Family papers of the Halsey Family of Gaddesden Place, Great Gaddesden includes a bargain and sale document (ref. DE/HL/13151) dated Mar. 10, 1712 for some land near Water End, Great Gaddesden by a Francis Moore of Great Gaddesden, husbandman, to Marvin Bowles of Water End, Hemel Hempstead, Hertford, cordwinder and then the sale of that land (ref. DE/HL/13181) on Feb. 6, 1717 by Marvin Bowles to Paul Cary of Castle Cary, Somerset.  Marvin Bowles' probate documents dated 1724 are stored at the Hertfordshire Archives (ref: HRT Reference: 14463; 12HR338).  For a transcription of his Will see Marvin Bowles of Great Gaddesden's Will of 1724  
17th century surveys of the Hemel Hempstead estate show that the northern half of it was held by the Halsey family from 1702 and that their estate had its northern border at Water End.  The parish of Great Gaddesden lies immediately north of Hemel Hempstead parish.
Note: many of the earlier references use the spelling Mervin and even Mervyn while Marvin appears in many transcriptions of those references.  As later generations most commonly used Marvin I have settled on that spelling in my pages except where reference is being made to a specific source reference. 
The same collection includes a copy of a Court Roll (ref. DE/HL/13205) from Apr. 20 and May 7, 1723 giving Leonard Bowles, the elder, admission to 'Peppetts Close' on the surrender of George Rose; a copy of a Court Roll (ref. DE/HL/13213) from Apr. 16, 1726 giving Henshaw Halsey admission to 'Whitehouse' and adjoining land on the surrender of Leonard Bowles (field names given); a land survey made in 1736 (ref. DE/HL/13240) of Leonard Bowles farm (field names given) and an Agreement and Counterpart (ref. DE/HL/14828 and 14829) dated Feb. 18, 1747 between George Halsey of Great Gaddesden, Hertford, gentleman, party of the 1st part, Judith Chandler of the same, party of the 2nd part, and Leonard Bowles of Breadstreet, London, merchant, party of the 3rd part, in regard to the will to be made by George Halsey after his marriage to Judith Chandler.
That series of land transactions documents Halsey's lease of land held by Leonard Bowles, the elder, in 1726 which he later included as part of his marriage settlement in 1747 which required Leonard Bowles' agreement.  That would be Leonard Bowles Jr. who we see is a London merchant in 1747.  Leonard Bowles, Sr. having passed away by 1747.  Leonard's probate documents dated 1747 are stored at the Hertfordshire Archives (ref: HRT Reference: 14461; 12HR221).  A Widow Bowles buried Feb. 8, 1756 Great Gaddesden (by affidavit of Mary Ivory).
Other possibly connected Bowles records:
The Bowles of Gaddesden may have a local origin as there were Bowles in this area long before this but their use of the unusual given names Leonard and Mervin/Marvin indicates a possible common origin with the Bowles of Wiltshire which should be examined:
Leonard Bowles bp. Dec. 22, 1688 East Knoyle, Wiltshire; father: Robert
Marven Booles bur. May 24, 1660 St Michael, Mere, Wiltshire
Mervin Bowles son of Mr Matthew and Ann, rector, b. July 5, bur. July 13, 1715 St Andrew Anglican, Donhead St Andrew, Wiltshire
In the early 1700's two brothers of this line, Leonard and Marvin Bowles, moved to London where they married and established themselves in businesses.  See The Bowles of Great Gaddesden in London for their story.
A branch of their line settled in the Bahamas and from there branches settled in the United States and in Canada.  See The Bowles of Gaddesden in The Bahamas, Tobias Bowles of Charleston, South Carolina and  The Bowles of Maple Creek, Saskatchewan, Canada.

This site was last updated 02/16/19